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My India First

UPSC CSE Mains GS Paper II Examination tomorrow: Detailed preparation plan and last-minute ideas

The Union Public Service Fee (UPSC) Civil Providers Mains 2023 examination commenced from September 15, and can proceed until twenty fourth of the month. The examination might be carried out in two shifts, from 9AM to 12PM and afternoon shift from 2PM to 5PM. Basic Research (GS) Paper II is scheduled for September 16, Saturday, for the afternoon shift.
Basic Research (GS) Paper II examination syllabus
UPSC Mains GS 2 paper is without doubt one of the 9 subjective papers of the second stage of the Civil Providers Examination. The GS 2 paper syllabus consists primarily of the next topics:

  1. Polity & Governance
  2. Social Justice and Welfare
  3. Worldwide Relations

Detailed subjects for the topics are talked about beneath:

Topic Matters
  • Indian Structure, Options of Indian Structure
  • Amendments in Indian Structure
  • Provisions
  • Constitutional and non-constitutional our bodies
  • Authorities insurance policies and interventions
  • Governance
  • Transparency
  • Accountability
  • E-governance functions
Social Justice
  • Points regarding the event and administration of Social Sector & Providers
  • Points regarding poverty and starvation
Worldwide Relations Bilateral Groupings Regional and international groupings Agreements involving India or affecting India’s pursuits

Examination Sample
Within the paper, 20 obligatory questions are given in Hindi and English that are to be answered within the language chosen whereas filling out the appliance kind. Questions which are answered in every other language apart from the chosen medium usually are not evaluated.
The paper is of a complete of 250 marks. The phrase limits for a ten mark query, and a 15 mark query are 150 and 250 phrases respectively.
Candidates ought to notice that there’s a heavy emphasis on governance and polity associated subjects, with a spotlight additionally on social Justice and worldwide relations.
Topic-wise preparation plan
Rigorous planning and execution is paramount for fulfillment within the Basic Research paper. It requires the candidate to have in-depth data of the subjects, whereas on the similar time use their crucial considering expertise, paired with distinctive writing expertise to be able to ace the examination.
Here’s a structured plan on methods to go about getting ready for the examination.
Indian Structure:

  • Begin with a complete studying of the Indian Structure.
  • Create a abstract of the Preamble, Components, Schedules, and Articles.
  • Dedicate particular time to understanding Elementary Rights, Directive Ideas of State Coverage, and Elementary Duties.
  • Make an inventory of landmark Supreme Court docket judgments associated to the Structure.

Options of Indian Structure:

  • Study concerning the federal construction, separation of powers, and the fundamental construction doctrine.
  • Evaluate India’s Structure with these of different international locations for a broader perspective.
  • Research the numerous amendments and their historic context.
  • Perceive the implications of key amendments.
  • Give attention to provisions associated to basic rights, duties, and the construction of presidency.
  • Make concise notes summarising these provisions.

Constitutional and non-constitutional our bodies:

  • Discover constitutional our bodies just like the Election Fee and UPSC.
  • Perceive the roles and capabilities of non-constitutional our bodies like NITI Aayog.
  • Put together an inventory of necessary our bodies and their capabilities.

Authorities insurance policies and interventions:

  • Determine main authorities insurance policies and applications in areas like schooling, well being, and financial growth.
  • Analyse their aims and outcomes.
  • Create a timeline to trace coverage adjustments over time.
  • Research the construction and functioning of Parliament and State Legislatures.
  • Perceive how enterprise is carried out, powers, and privileges of legislative our bodies.
  • Create flowcharts or diagrams to visualise these buildings.

Transparency and Accountability:

  • Discover the idea of transparency and its significance in governance.
  • Research measures in place to make sure accountability, akin to anti-corruption legal guidelines.
  • Evaluate India’s transparency and accountability measures with international practices.

E-governance functions:

  • Analysis varied e-governance initiatives in India.
  • Perceive their aims and advantages.
  • Attempt to entry and use a few of these functions to achieve sensible expertise.

Worldwide Relations
Bilateral groupings:

  • Start by finding out India’s relations with neighbouring international locations.
  • Create a timeline of historic occasions and diplomatic ties.
  • Analyse present points and disputes.

Regional and international groupings:

  • Find out about India’s participation in regional teams like SAARC and international teams just like the United Nations.
  • Perceive the aims and roles of those organisations.
  • Analysis India’s contributions and positions inside these teams.

Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s pursuits:

  • Determine vital worldwide agreements India is part of, together with commerce agreements and safety pacts.
  • Analyse how these agreements influence India’s international coverage and pursuits.
  • Keep up to date on latest developments in these agreements.

Social Justice and welfare
Points regarding the event and administration of Social Sector:

  • Give attention to key areas akin to well being, schooling, and human sources growth.
  • Research authorities schemes and applications geared toward bettering these sectors.
  • Analyse the influence of assorted initiatives on society.

Points regarding poverty and starvation:

  • Perceive the multidimensional elements and causes of poverty and starvation in India.
  • Analysis authorities initiatives and welfare schemes addressing these points.
  • Research poverty alleviation applications and their effectiveness.

Final-minute Revision Suggestions
Prioritise subjects already coated:

  • Within the final leg of your preparations, prioritise revising the subjects you have already coated completely.
  • Keep away from delving into new topics or subjects throughout this section.
  • Consider reinforcing your understanding of the fabric you have already studied.

Organise complete notes:

  • Guarantee you’ve well-organised, concise notes for every topic and matter.
  • Summarise key factors, formulation, and details to make your notes simple to evaluate.
  • Use colour-coding or highlighting to emphasize necessary info.

Energetic Recall and Self-assessment:

  • Have interaction in energetic recall by making an attempt to recollect and clarify ideas from reminiscence.
  • Quiz your self with flashcards or self-made inquiries to assess your data.
  • Determine areas the place you battle and revisit these subjects for reinforcement.


  1. What’s the UPSC Mains examination?
    The UPSC Mains examination is the second stage of the Civil Providers Examination and consists of 9 papers that are Obligatory Indian Language, English, Essay, Basic Research-1, Basic Research-2, Basic Research-3, Basic Research-4, Elective Paper-1, and Elective Paper-2.
  2. When is UPSC CSE Mains 2023?
    The UPSC CSE Mains 2023 is scheduled to happen from September 15 to September 24, 2023.
  3. What’s the complete marks for GS paper II?
    The paper is of a complete of 250 marks.
  4. What’s the phrase restrict for a ten mark and a 15 mark query?
    The phrase limits for a ten mark query, and a 15 mark query are 150 and 250 phrases respectively.
  5. What’s the period of the UPSC Mains paper?
    Every UPSC Mains paper lasts for 3 hours.

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