Following Scottish former First Minister Nicola Sturgeon’s announcement she’ll be writing a ebook about her time in workplace and Sanna Marin’s current profession information, Euronews rounds up a number of the most influential European leaders’ lives since they’ve left the highest job.
Many former European prime ministers and presidents appear to vanish with no hint after they resign, lose an election or are compelled out of workplace.
Who can truthfully say for sure what France’s François Hollande or Dutch ex-PM Jan Peter Balkenende are doing lately?
For others who go away that place of utmost energy, although, their tenure as chief is only the start of an thrilling – or controversial – life or profession.
Within the final week, it’s been introduced that each Scotland’s former premier Nicola Sturgeon and her Finnish counterpart Sanna Marin have taken on new tasks making certain that they’ll possible be within the highlight for years to return.
To mark that information, Euronews takes a – non-exhaustive – take a look at Presidents and Prime Ministers who’ve managed to make a big affect lengthy after their time in that individual function has come to an finish.
Nicola Sturgeon – Scotland
“In my head and my coronary heart, I do know that point is now.” These had been the phrases utilized by former Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon when she stepped down from the highest job earlier this yr.
Having spent practically 9 years within the function, one wherein she fought tirelessly for Scottish independence however by no means managed it, she’s been sitting as a backbencher since March.
In June she was arrested on suspicion of fraud – and bailed quickly after.
The second half of 2023 has been far kinder to her, up to now.
Final month, the previous SNP chief introduced she was writing a “deeply private and revealing” memoir about her life and profession.
This week, Sturgeon has revealed she’s launched an “creative creation” firm after signing a profitable publishing deal for that autobiography.
The corporate, Nicola Sturgeon Ltd, will likely be used to deal with her outdoors earnings whereas she continues her work as a backbench MSP.
Her agent Andrew Gordon has beforehand mentioned that there had been a “hotly contested” nine-way public sale for the ebook. The profitable writer hasn’t revealed how a lot the deal was price but it surely’s considered upwards of €175,000.
As was the case all through her premiership, Sturgeon has already been criticised for focusing an excessive amount of on her upcoming ebook and never sufficient on her constituents in some of the disadvantaged components of Glasgow.
She’s going to maybe not get fairly as a lot stick as her predecessor Alex Salmond, who arrange his personal firm again in 2015.
Willie Rennie, a Lib Dem MSP, warned Sturgeon to not comply with in Salmond’s controversial footsteps, saying, “Let’s simply hope that she handles this creative firm with a superb bit extra dignity than Alex Salmond, who arrange an identical firm amid a late-career disaster, to course of the cash from his job as a chat present host on Kremlin-funded TV”.
Up till final yr, the disgraced former First Minister offered an eponymous programme, The Alex Salmond Present, on RT UK till it folded after the full-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine.
Sanna Marin – Finland
Final week, Finland’s former Prime Minister Sanna Marin introduced she can be leaving parliament to hitch one other former Prime Minister – Tony Blair’s – basis.
After taking workplace in 2019 on the age of 34, making her the world’s youngest Prime Minister, Marin was narrowly defeated in April’s elections. She stepped down from the management of her Social Democrats celebration earlier this month.
Inside the Tony Blair Institute for World Change, a London-based coverage assume tank headed up by the previous British Prime Minister, she has been appointed as strategic advisor.
Marin led the nation by COVID-19 lockdowns and the following financial turmoil and, extra not too long ago, has been a vocal supporter of Ukraine after Russia’s invasion, efficiently main Finland to finish its navy non-alignment in favour of NATO membership.
She has beforehand spoken of the “nice honour” of getting led Finland’s authorities for 3 and a half years and has refused to rule out a future return to Finnish politics.
Talking about her new engagement, Marin instructed press: “I really feel that this project [with the Institute] is such that it’ll profit the entire of Finland as nicely”.
Nicolas Sarkozy – France
The one President on our record, Nicolas Sarkozy, is arguably some of the controversial of all.
He left workplace because the premier of France in 2012, however has been dogged with controversy ever since.
Late final month it was revealed that Sarkozy is to be tried in 2025 over allegations he took cash from late Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi to fund certainly one of his election campaigns.
The trial is ready to listen to from Sarkozy himself in addition to 12 different co-defendants. They’re accused of conspiring to take money from the Libyan chief to illegally fund Sarkozy’s victorious 2007 bid for the presidency of France.
The 68-year-old denies the fees.
Since leaving workplace, Sarkozy has been convicted twice for corruption and influence-peddling in separate circumstances involving makes an attempt to affect a choose and marketing campaign financing. He has since appealed in opposition to each judgements.
The previous French chief allegedly loved cordial ties with the late Muammar Gaddafi. The Libyan investigation was sparked by revelations from the investigative web site Mediapart which printed a doc purporting to point out that Gaddafi agreed to present Sarkozy as much as €50 million.
Sarkozy additionally faces a separate probe into obvious potential influence-peddling after he allegedly obtained a cost from Russian insurance coverage agency Reso-Garantia of €3m whereas working as a marketing consultant in 2019
Exterior of his authorized wows, Sarkozy has been making headlines in France following the publishing of a second quantity of his memoirs.
He’s drawn widespread criticism after suggesting that areas of Ukraine occupied by Russia after the Kremlin’s invasion final yr would possibly should be recognised as Russian.
On Crimea, he claimed the annexed area would stay Russian and that “any return to the best way issues had been earlier than is an phantasm”.
Sarkozy and Vladimir Putin have famously loved pleasant relations because the French chief was in energy.
Jean-Claude Juncker – Luxembourg
Luxembourgish politician Jean-Claude Juncker is a recognisable determine the world over – and for good purpose.
The 68-year-old served because the twenty first Prime Minister of Luxembourg from 1995 to 2013 – making him the longest-serving head of any nationwide authorities within the EU as nicely one of many longest-serving democratically elected leaders on the planet.
From 2005, he additionally turned the primary everlasting President of the Eurogroup, too – a job he held till 2013.
His tenure encompassed the peak of the European monetary and sovereign debt disaster but it surely wasn’t sufficient to place him off the heady world of excessive politics.
After leaving workplace in 2013, he was introduced because the European Individuals’s Celebration (EPP) had Juncker as its lead candidate, or Spitzenkandidat, for the presidency of the Fee in elections the next yr.
He was elected by the European Parliament on 15 July 2014, netting 422 votes out of the 729 forged.
Taking workplace on 1 November 2014, he served till 30 November 2019, when he was succeeded by Ursula von der Leyen.
Since stepping down from front-line politics, Juncker has all however disappeared from the general public eye. He’s lengthy been well-known – or ought to that be notorious – for his nice love of enjoying Pinball. We will solely assume he’s having fun with that pastime since his retirement.
Gordon Brown – United Kingdom
The previous British Prime Minister was not a very widespread premier. As chancellor beneath his predecessor, Tony Blair, although, Brown achieved excessive approval scores and was hailed as probably the most profitable chancellor by way of offering financial stability within the nation.
Following simply 3 years in workplace, he was the final Labour premier earlier than the present 13-year run of Conservative leaders.
Since leaving 10 Downing Road, he’s been praised for his persevering with contribution to politics and people in want since he stop the Commons in 2015.
After stepping down as PM in 2010, Brown did the factor that so many former Prime Ministers refuse to do – and returned to the backbenches.
He continued to function the MP for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath till he gave up his seat in 2015.
Within the ensuing 8 years, he has made occasional political interventions in addition to publishing a number of political books.
In 2014, Brown performed a outstanding function within the marketing campaign to take care of the union between Scotland and the UK throughout that yr’s Scottish independence referendum. Final yr, he wrote a report on devolution for Labour chief – and presumed-Prime-Minister-in-Ready – Sir Keir Starmer.
Brown has additionally taken a wider method to his function as a dedicated public servant.
He has served because the United Nations Particular Envoy for World Training and as Ambassador for World Well being Financing for the World Well being Organisation in addition to taking up the unpaid place of chair of the Worldwide Fee on Financing World Training Alternative.
In 2015, Brown took on his first large-scale function within the non-public sector, changing into an advisor to funding administration agency PIMCO.
He famously donates any cash earned from that place to his and his spouse’s basis, the Gordon and Sarah Brown Basis, which helps kids’s wants worldwide. He has additionally been vocal through the UK’s present value of dwelling disaster, taking the sitting authorities to activity over their obvious lack of motion almost about individuals dealing with hardship.
Silvio Berlusconi – Italy
Regardless of his demise in June, late Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi stays as simply some of the recognisable figures in European politics in dwelling reminiscence.
The previous media tycoon who, on the time of his demise, was the third richest particular person in Italy, served because the prime minister of the nation in 4 governments from 1994 to 1995, 2001 to 2006 and 2008 to 2011.
He additionally acted as a member of the European Parliament from 2019 to 2022, a job he had beforehand held from 1999 to 2001.
Whereas in workplace, he was legendary throughout the globe. Identified for notorious ‘bunga bunga’ events, he was ranked in 2009 by Forbes as twelfth within the record of the World’s Most Highly effective Individuals as a consequence of his domination of Italian politics all through greater than fifteen years on the head of the centre-right coalition.
Berlusconi’s 9 years as Prime Minister made him the longest serving post-war prime minister of Italy, in addition to the third longest-serving since Italian unification, after Benito Mussolini and Giovanni Giolitti.
In 2013, Berlusconi was convicted of tax fraud by the Supreme Court docket of Cassation. He was given a four-year jail sentence and was banned from holding public workplace for 2 years.
He managed to keep away from jail due, partially, to his age and as a substitute served his sentence by doing unpaid group service.
He was nonetheless banned from holding legislative workplace for six years and expelled from the Senate.
After the political banishment was up, Berlusconi returned to the European Parliament as an MEP and returned to the Italian Senate after profitable a seat within the 2022 Italian common election.
Exterior of politics, he additionally owned the favored Italian soccer membership AC Milan from 1986 to 2017
Identified for his authoritarian stance, populist political type and brash character, he was a divisive determine till the top.
All through his lengthy tenure, he was accused of mismanaging the state price range and of accelerating the Italian authorities debt. He was additionally a lot criticised for his obvious vigorous pursuit of his private pursuits whereas in workplace in addition to being blackmailed as a consequence of his turbulent non-public life.
Regardless of dividing Italy and the broader political panorama, Berlusoni was given a state funeral following his demise on 12 June on the age of 86, after a battle with persistent leukaemia.